Dog Hairworm: Causes of Disease

By | June 9, 2020

Dog Hairworm: Causes of DiseaseDog hairworms will enter the dog’s body when they ingest infected material. But hairworms can also be infected from other infected animals. Hair worms can affect dogs of any age.

Do you know what causes an infection? If not, the information below is for you. Our team of experts will help you better understand this!

What is hairworm in dogs?

Parasitic hair worms in the dog’s cecum. They grow well in hot and humid climates. Therefore, the prevalence of hairworm is usually higher in the tropics.

Dog hair worms have the scientific name of Trichuris Vulpis. The body shape has a small head like a hair and the back bulges. Males are 45 – 60mm long.

The genital spines are covered with many small and pointed spines 8.3 – 11mm long. The female is 62 – 75mm long, anus at the end of the tail, the genital hole near the end of the esophagus.

Hair worm life cycle

Hairworm eggs shed in the stool into the environment, after two weeks of forming larvae in the eggs. The larvae are protected by thick egg shells that can survive in the environment for months. Dogs ingest infected larvae eggs.

After about 10 days in the environment, the larvae move down the cecum and develop into an adult form, completing a life cycle of about 9 – 10 weeks.

The types of worms that dogs often suffer from

There are 5 basic types of dog earthworms that are commonly infected are filariasis and 4 types of intestinal parasitic worms such as roundworm, tapeworm, hookworm and hair worm.

Your veterinarian will know what type of worms are common in your home and how to test and treat dog helminths. Dogs need special medication to prevent and treat helminths, as many worms can kill a dog.

Hairworm in dogs parasitic in cecum. They grow well in hot and humid climates.

How do worms spread?

Hairworm is usually found in the intestinal tract of dogs and in the feces of animals infected with worms. These types of worms often cause some common symptoms and you can identify them in some cases

  • Some intestinal worms can be passed from one dog to another by “fecal-oral route”. The worm eggs in infected dog feces can be passed into the mouth and intestines of another dog.

Even if you cannot see eggs or faeces, your dog will accidentally be infected with worm eggs that exist in the grass. Dogs that eat worm eggs while licking their feet will develop intestinal worms

  • The main way to spread tapeworm is when a dog accidentally eats fleas.
  • Although it is impossible to determine what kind of helminth your dog has, you can monitor your symptoms to see if your dog needs treatment for intestinal helminths.